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Anti-Counterfeiting Forum

Best Practice for OEMs, distributors and component manufacturers

If you are aware of any additional sources of best practice for detecting and / or mitigating against counterfeit components, please contact us.

There are numerous sources providing sound advice on best practice, including a number of internationally recognised standards, to be adopted to minimize the threat posed by counterfeit components. These are listed further down this page however the UK Electronics Alliance strongly recommends the following:

  • Electronics components should be sourced directly from the manufacturer or authorised distributor or, where this is not possible, from grey market operatives (brokers) with a physical operation in the UK. When using the grey market, buyers should insist on documentary evidence of component authenticity and/or an agreement that payment only becomes due after satisfactory verification of the origin of the goods
  • OEMs should also be aware of the potential for counterfeit components to infiltrate the authorised distribution network and even OCMs' inventories through inter-trading and customer returns respectively. OEMs should give preference to dealing with component suppliers who comply with the requirements of international standards for the management of counterfeit components in the supply chain  
  • OEMs should develop and maintain greater co-ordination between product and component lifecycles and implement proactive lifecycle management to reduce the level of short term component purchases, which often necessitate sourcing  from the grey market 
  • Component manufacturers should exercise greater control over their sub-contractors to ensure that scrap products, pilot runs and bad yield devices are disposed of beyond use. Component manufacturers should also improve the traceability of their products by the use of unique product identifiers, serial coding and E-marking and by better control of documentation and returns from customers, which must only be accepted in manufacturer's sealed boxes. Component manufacturers should also be more diligent in ensuring that their authorised distributors end the common practice of purchasing via the grey market to meet customer demands
  • Authorised distributors should continue to maintain and enhance the manufacturers' traceability documentation, assist in the dissemination of counterfeit product information, physically scrap written-off inventory and adopt relevant international standards for distributors in managing counterfeit components in the supply chain. Distributors should be more flexible in their willingness to supply smaller quantities, especially where the manufacturer's minimum shipment multiple is high.  

 

The following is a list of sources of information on best practice to reduce the risk of exposure to counterfeit components:

Acquisition System Guidance (formerly the AOF)
Policy and guidance by Ministry of Defence
Accessible subject to registration Weblink

AIR6273 - Terms and Definitions - Fraudulent/Counterfeit Electronic Parts
Terms and definitions by SAE (Society for Automotive Engineers) International
Work in progress - not yet available Weblink

Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement
Trade agreement by European Commission - 3 December 2010
Final text of the AVTA negotiated between Australia, Canada, EU, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Morocco, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland and USA Weblink

ARP6178 - Counterfeit Electronic Parts; Tool for Risk Assessment of Distributors
Recommended practice by SAE (Society for Automotive Engineers) International
Available to purchase at Weblink

ARP6328 - Guideline for Development of Counterfeit Electronic Parts; Avoidance, Detection, Mitigation, and Disposition Systems
Standard by SAE (Society for Automotive Engineers) International
Available to purchase at Weblink

AS5553B - Counterfeit Electrical, Electronic, and Electromechanical (EEE) Parts; Avoidance, Detection, Mitigation, and Disposition
Standard by SAE (Society for Automotive Engineers) International
Available to purchase at Weblink

AS6081 - Counterfeit Electronic Parts; Avoidance Protocol, Distributors
Standard by SAE (Society for Automotive Engineers) International
Available to purchase at Weblink

AS6171 - Test Methods Standard; Counterfeit Electronic Parts
Standard by SAE (Society for Aeronautical Engineers) International
Work in progress - not yet available Weblink

AS6174A - Counterfeit Materiel; Assuring Acquisition of Authentic and Conforming Materiel
Standard by SAE (Society for Automotive Engineers) International
Available to purchase at Weblink

AS6301 - Fraudulent/Counterfeit Electronic Parts: Avoidance,Detection,Mitigation,and Disposition – Distributors Verification Criteria
Compliance criteria by SAE (Society for Automotive Engineers) International
Available to purchase at Weblink

AS6462A - AS5553, Counterfeit Electronic Parts; Avoidance, Detection, Mitigation, and Disposition Verification Criteria
Compliance criteria by SAE (Society for Automotive Engineers) International
Available to purchase at Weblink

AS6496 - Fraudulent/Counterfeit Electronic Parts: Avoidance, Detection, Mitigation, and Disposition – Authorized/Franchised Distribution
Standard by SAE (Society for Automotive Engineers) International
Available to purchase at Weblink

AS9100D Quality Management Systems - Requirements for Aviation, Space, and Defense Organizations
Standard by SAE (Society for Automotive Engineers) International
Available to purchase at Weblink

AS9120B - Quality Management Systems – Requirements for Aviation, Space, and Defense Distributors
Standard by SAE (Society for Automotive Engineers) International
Available to purchase at Weblink

CCAP101 – Certification for Counterfeit Avoidance (Rev. E 4/6/13)
Certification programme by Components Technology Institute Inc.
Free downloadable pdf Weblink

CLL 032 Preventing Counterfeit Electronic Parts from Entering the DoD Supply System
Computer-based training by Defence Acquisition University
Online applications accepted for this 1 1/2 hour online training module followed by an end of module exam Weblink

CLL 062 Counterfeit Prevention Awareness
One hour training module by Defense Acquisition University
Apply online Weblink

Counterfeit and Substandard Semiconductors: The Solution to the Threats
Paper by Rochester Electronics – January 2008
Free to download Weblink

Counterfeit electronic components – an overview
Paper by Robert K Lowry, Oneida Research Services Inc. - undated
 Weblink

DEF STAN 05-135: Fraudulent and Counterfeit Materiel Avoidance
Defence standard by Ministry of Defence - 10 July 2014
Available to download free of charge subject to prior registration Weblink

Development of a Methodology to Determine Risk of Counterfeit Use
White paper by INEMI (International Electronics Manufacturing Initiative)
To download free of charge go to: Weblink

DFARS Case 2014-D005 Supplement: Detection and Avoidance of Counterfeit Electronic Parts - Further Implementation
DFAR by U.S Federal Register
Free to download Weblink

GIFAS/5052/2008 Guide pur la maitrise des approvisionnements des composant electroniques aupres les distributeurs non franchises
Guide by GIFAS - October 2009
French language guide free to download at Weblink

How can right holders protect themselves from counterfeiting and piracy?
Website by European Commission Customs and Taxation Union
Downloadable guidance and forms for requesting EU customs action Weblink

IDEA-ICE-3000 - Professional Inspector's Certification Exam
Certification by (IDEA) Independent Distributors of Electronics Association
Application details are available by going to: Weblink

IDEA-STD-1010B - Acceptability of electronic components distributed in the open market
Standard by the Independent Distributors of Electronics Association (IDEA) – Jul 2011
Available to purchase at Weblink

IEC TS 62239-1:2015 Process management for avionics - Management plan - Part 1: Preparation and maintenance of an electronic components management plan
International standard by IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission)
Available to purchase at Weblink

IEC/TS 62668-1:2016 Process management for avionics - Counterfeiting prevention - Part 1
Published document by IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission)
Available to purchase at Weblink

IEC/TS 62668-2 Ed. 1.0: Process management for avionics - Counterfeit prevention - Part 2: Managing electronic components from non-franchised sources
Standard by IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission)
Available to purchase at Weblink

IECQ Counterfeit Avoidance Programme
Quality assessment system by IEC
Download the following brochure for further details: Weblink

ISO 12931:2012 Performance criteria for authentication solutions for anti-counterfeiting in the field of material goods
Standard by ISO (International Organization for Standardization)
Available to purchase at Weblink

ISO/DIS 16678 - GuideIines for interoperable object identification and related authentication systems to deter counterfeiting and illicit trade
Guidelines by ISO (International Organization for Standardization)
Available to purchase at Weblink

ISO/IEC 17025:2005 General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories
International standard by ISO (International Organization for Standardization)
Available to purchase at Weblink

JESD243 Counterfeit electronics parts: non-proliferation for manufacturers
Standard by JEDEC
Free to download for members Weblink

Open Trusted Technology Provider Standard (O-TTPS)™, Version 1.0
Open standard by The Open Group
Free downloadable pdf Weblink

PAS141:2011 - Reuse of used and waste electrical and electronic equipment (UEEE and WEEE)
Specification by BSI
Available to purchase as a pdf or hard copy Weblink

Recent DoD Adoption Notices
Standards update by Henry Livingston
 Weblink